to A6: Trimmed paper sizes in the ISO international
paper size range.
Art: A paper coated with
china clay and size to leave a very smooth
surface. Finish can be matt or gloss.
to B6: Trimmed paper sizes in the ISO international
paper size range (larger than A sizes).
Lightweight papers (under 60 gsm).
A scanned image that is made up of a series
Blanket: Drum covered with rubber
surface in an off-set litho press which
transfers the ink/image from the plate
to the paper.
Bleed: Printed area outside
of final trim marks. Bleed printing achieves
a clean edge where colour is run to the
full height or width of page.
A relief design stamped/pressed into paper
Bond: Heavier papers often
used for letterheads.
BRE: Business Reply
Bromide: Photographic paper used
in reproduction on which an opaque image
is created (as opposed to film). Can be
positive or negative.
Bulk: Degree of thickness
Burst Binding: Form of perfect
binding that allows the book to be opened
Choke: Small increase to inside edge,
usually applied to a lighter colour enclosing
a darker colour, to force an overlap. A
form of trapping.
CMYK: Short term for four
colour process referring to Cyan, Magenta,
Yellow and Key (Black). CMY are subtractive
colours (100% values of each equate to
black). See RGB.
folds in a single sheet.
Cromalin: An off-press
proof (made direct from the film separations).
Area/shape removed from within trim area.
Image without a background.
to cut pre-determined shapes in paper.
One of the 4 process colours (‘Blue’).Die-Cut:
Process using sharpened metal strips set
in a base form to cut shapes out of a sheet
Diestamp: A method of printing
from engraved steel dies producing a raised
impression. Can be coloured or left blind
Dot Gain: Enlargement of
half-tone dot during printing which needs
to be allowed for in reproduction.
Dots Per Inch. Measure of resolution, i.e.
how many separate dots a printing device
con produce per linear inch.
colour halftone produced from a single
colour original to produce a subtly coloured
Emboss: Raised lettering or impression
rising above the flat paper/material.
File format used for images and graphics
- short for Encapsulated Postscript File.
Copy supplied as separation film for plate-making.
Refers to exact register of each colour
used on film, proof or plate.
Process by which a metallic foil image
can be transferred on to paper.
Four colour process print using Cyan, Magenta,
Yellow and Black (CMYK).
in magazine which folds out.Gloss Art:
Shiny art paper (as opposed to matt art).
Short for grams per square metre, measuring
the weight of paper.
Gutter: The inner,
binding margin of a book, or space between
Halftone: Illustration created
by dots of varying size, resulting in the
appearance of continuous tone.
High resolution output device used for
producing bromide, final film or even plates
containing graphics, text and scanned images.
Spacing words to a predetermined width.
Technique used to compress files to allow
easier transfer of data. This causes a
degradation of the image.
letters of a word so that they are either
closer together or further apart.
A form of paper with marks through the
paper, as opposed to wove which is smooth.
Adding a transparent plastic film to the
surface of the printed matter to enhance
its appearance and increase durability.
Spacing between lines of text, depth of
which is measured in points.
A method of printing whereby the ink is
transferred from a chemically treated flat
plate to paper.
LPI: Lines Per Inch (see
DPI). Measurement of definition of halftone
screen to be applied.